Who: Businesses subject to Administrative Code 4123:1 for Workshops and Factories
When: Effective Immediately
What: The Ohio Bureau of Workers Compensation updated several provisions that took effect February 1, 2022, within the code for factories and workshops. Among those changes:
Revised Definitions for the following words and phrases: approved; blasting agent; floor hole; floor; opening; ladder; side-rolling ladder; pinch, nip, or shear point; presence sensing device; sweep device.
Guarding Floor, Wall Openings, and Holes
- Floor opening 4 feet or more above a lower level must be guarded by covers, guardrail systems, travel restraint systems, or personal fall arrest systems.
- Floor holes, where an employee could accidentally walk into, must be guarded by a standard guardrail system; fixed, hinged floor hole cover; travel restraint systems; or personal fall arrest systems.
- Wall openings must be guarded by standard railings and toeboards, doors or gates or substantial screens that extend to a minimum height of 42 inches (plus or minus 3 inches) measured from the floor or platform. If the wall opening prevents the installation of a guard railing, the top rail must not be more than 10 inches below the top of the wall opening
- Standard guard railings must have a top rail no less than 42 inches, plus or minus 3 inches above the working level. The top rail must be at least 1½ inches normal diameter pipe or 2 by 2 by ⅜ inches, plus or minus 3 inches above the working level
- The handrail height must be measured to no more than 38 inches in height and measured from the leading edge of the stair tread to the top surface of the handrail.
Ladders and Scaffolds
Sizing changes to rungs, steps, and treads:
- Ladders must support at least 4 times the maximum intended load, except for extra-heavy-duty type one “A” metal or plastic ladders that must hold 3.3 times the maximum intended load.
- Manhole steps and ladders mortared or cast into walls or conical top sections: The live load should be a single concentrated load of 200 lbs. Rungs must be a uniform distance apart and the distance between rungs, cleats, and steps can’t exceed 12 inches. Individual rung ladders must be a design that doesn’t allow the foot to slide off the end. The minimum clear length of rungs or cleats is 16 inches
- Rungs and cleats: The distance between rungs, cleats, and steps must not exceed 12 inches and the minimum clear length of rungs or cleats is 16 inches.
- Swinging scaffolds must be no more than 36 inches wide overall. Three employees or less are allowed on a two-point suspension scaffold designed for a working load of 750 lbs. When 2 or more scaffolds are used, they can’t be bridged together unless they are designed for that purpose, the bridge connections are articulated, and the hoists are properly sized. If bridges aren’t used, platforms may be used only when they are the same height and are abutting. Standard guardrails and toeboards must be on all unprotected sides of swinging scaffolds when they are more than 10 feet off the ground.
Hand Tools, Hand-Held Portable Powered Tools, Other Hand-Held Equipment and Portable Safety Containers
- A new subsection for vertical portable grinders was added, to include that “the maximum angular exposure of the grinding wheel periphery and sides for safety guards used on other portable grinders shall not exceed one hundred eighty degrees and the top half of the wheel shall be enclosed at all times.”
- Woodworking tools must be “equipped with a constant pressure switch or control that will shut off the power when the pressure is released.”
- Regulations now state that compressed air systems must have regulators that prevent them from exceeding the maximum design capacity.
Mechanical Power Presses
A new table was added to outline the distance of the opening from the point of operation hazard and maximum width opening in inches.
|Distance of opening from point of operation hazard (inches)
||Maximum width of opening (inches)
|½ to 1½
|1½ to 3½
|2½ to 3½
|3½ to 5½
|5½ to 6½
|6½ to 7½
|7½ to 12½
|12½ to 1½
|15½ to 17½
|17½ to 31½
Forging Machines, Other Power Machines, Machine Tools, Hydraulic and Pneumatic Presses, and Power Press Brakes
A new table was added to the code that shows the strength and dimensions for wood ram props:
|Size of timber inches (1)
||Square inches in cross section
||Min. allowable crushing strength parallel to grain p.s.i. (2)
||Max. static load within short column range (3)
||Max. recommended weight of forging hammer for timber used
||Max. allowable length of timber, inches
Abrasive Grinding and Cutting, Polishing, and Wire Buffing Equipment
New language was added about the angular exposure of the grinding wheel periphery and sides for safety guards used on bench and floor stands. The angle must not exceed 90 degrees or ¼ of the periphery. This exposure shall begin at a point not more than 65 degrees above the horizontal plane of the wheel spindle.
Personal Protective Equipment
Face shields are now considered secondary protection that should only be used alongside primary protection like safety goggles or spectacles. Some language was changed like swapping “headgear” for “head protection” and “ear protection” for “hearing protection.”
Air sampling in confined spaces now states that “Air sampling shall be performed by qualified, trained personnel prior to and periodically during occupancy to determine that the atmosphere within the confined space contains an adequate concentration of oxygen (minimum of 19.5% to a maximum of 23.5%), and any known or expected harmful atmospheric contaminants have been reduced to safe concentrations.”
- Review what equipment you’re currently using on worksites as described above.
- Conduct equipment inspections based on the changes.
Ohio Administrative Code